Seminar: "Social-ecological complexity in common pool resource use: Social foraging and management action in fisheries."

by Dr. Mattheiu Barbier and Dr. Emily Klein

There are two researchers visiting CEES at the University of Oslo from Princeton, Dr. Mattheiu Barbier and Dr. Emily Klein. They're giving a seminar on May 26th from 14:15-15 in the CEES seminar room, see abstract below. The title of the talk is "Social-ecological complexity in common pool resource use: Social foraging and management action in fisheries." They will be sharing the lecture to discuss their joint project.
 
They also will be here the 25th, 26th and 27th and they are happy to meet with you, so if you would like to have a meeting with them, Mia can arrange it (email her at a.m.eikeset@ibv.uio.no).
 
 
Abstract:

“Social-ecological complexity in common pool resource use: Social foraging and management action in fisheries.”

CEES – UiO, Dr. Mattheiu Barbier and Dr. Emily Klein (Princeton University)

Insight into human behavior and decision making within the context of complex social and ecological systems is critical for understanding and managing resource use. This is especially true in the oceans, where we are globally depleting resources at alarming rates. These resources are vital for human livelihoods and food security, and may change rapidly in a future of climate change and increased human needs. Here, we developed a theoretical agent-based model of fishermen behavior, using insight from qualitative interviews with fishing communities on the US West Coast to inform model structure and driving questions. With this model, we studied how fishermen are influenced along three social-ecological system (SES) dimensions: social behavior, target species ecology, and management action. Outcomes were also evaluated on several scales - harvesting efficiency, time variability and inequity between users – to provide multiple measure of management success and assess social-ecological feedbacks. Abstracting users as optimizing agents, we thus obtained a theoretical "null model" which captures a significant amount of the observed variability in resource use settings. However, some dramatic contrasts in the qualitative data from our interviews cannot be accounted for without considering how the agents' goals themselves were shaped by communities and management. We propose that modeling such dynamics may alleviate some conceptual limitations of the rational choice framework and reconcile it with other concepts and results from the social sciences.

Published Apr. 29, 2015 11:21 AM - Last modified Apr. 29, 2015 11:21 AM